The experts affirm that the judicial bodies were the main elements in these illegal operations, and their role was limiting to the legalization of these operations. An important factor that permitted the laundering of Russian money through Moldova was the tight collaboration between the Moldovan and Russian judiciary, mentioned the expert Vyacheslav Berbeca. He remarked that the “Laundromat” operation hit first of all the Republic of Moldova’s image.
The second author of the analysis, Ion Tabyrta, mentioned that the banking system of the Republic of Moldova is a kind of “Achilles heel” for the Moldovan political system. At the same time, the expert thinks that the money laundering would not have been possible without the decision-making framework involvement.
Ion Tabyrta also drafted some possible scenarios of the situation of the political and banking system in Moldova. The first scenario is called “cannibalization as political strategy” - which would represent the continuation of disputes within the ruling coalition in which the bigger political actors eliminate those weaker.
The second scenario is called “The banking system remains a boxing ring of external actors”, and Ion Tabyrta says that this is a dangerous scenario, especially on the background of decrease of trust into pro-European parties, thus being possible the overturn of the direction of external development of the country. The third scenario was entitled “Justice and reparation”, that in the author’s opinion is the most acceptable, and an important step towards this direction would be the announcement of the measure of confiscation of wealth of all parties involved in the banking frauds.
We remind that in the “Russian laundry” there were involved over 20 magistrates from 15 courts from the Republic of Moldova, that, in the period 2010-2014, at the request of a range of offshore companies, issued over 50 court orders on the collection of some fictive debts of a total amount of approximately 20 billion USD.
At international level, the Republic of Moldova’s image was seriously affected, being associated with a country in which the representatives of the criminal world feel themselves comfortable and can launder their money obtained through illegal ways. The experts from Chisinau consider that the “Russian laundry” implementation was possible in the Republic of Moldova in the conditions in which the judiciary and the legal institutions are politically controlled. Or, namely the Prosecutor General’s Office and the National Anticorruption Center, institutions directly responsible for the money laundering prevention, were distributed to the Democratic Party, controlled by the oligarch Vladimir Plahotniuc, the final beneficiary of the raider attacks at some banks in the period 2011-2012, according to the Court of London.
In a memorandum published in 2014, the lawyer Andrei Nastase warned that in the period of the current government (2010-2014), the laundering of Russian money and the raider attacks amplified in a terrifying way: the raider attacks comprised 80% of the banking and insurance sector of the Republic of Moldova, and the laundering of Russian money, noticed by American and European institutions in 2009, reached tens of billions of USD. The lawyer Andrei Nastase demonstrated that the both criminal technologies use the same group of corrupt judges, are committed through the same methods and tricks, and have the same beneficiaries.